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Hugh C. Childers PDF Download. Lope Felix de Vega Carpio Fuente Ovejuna - The Sheep Well ca. Pedro Calderon de la Barca Life Is a Dream ca. The Mayor of Zalamea Sixteenth Century instability due to civil war between Catholics and Protestants. Henry IV converted to Catholicism in Edict of Nantes offered non-Catholics equality and tolerance. Italian Medici family, married to French royalty, influenced French culture.
Early Drama and Popular Theater.
Hotel de Bourgogne built in Paris for religious plays. Architecture, Scenery, and Technology. Hotel de Bourgogne Theatre du Marais Palais Cardinal Salles des Machines Government-supported French national theater established Louis XIV actions led to declines of French drama. Elaborate opera became fashionable. Marais troupe.
Charles I was beheaded by Cromwell Puritan , who ruled until his death in , when with the accession of Charles II, the monarchy was restored. Mary and William took over the throne during the Glorious Revolution in Restoration of trade, science and culture followed monarchy. Drolls shortened full-length plays were held secretly during Puritan rule.
William Davenant Thomas Killigrew Strong Italian influence through French culture. Serious Drama - two types, now rarely produced. Restoration tragedy followed neoclassical rules.
e-book Commedia dell’ arte and Molière (Shakespeare, Shamans, and Show Biz Book 2)
Aphra Behn Influenced by Moliere, focuses on fashions and foibles of the upper class. William Wycherley James Park led to royal sponsorship. William Congreve Susanna Centlivre ca. The Female Wits. Upper class. Some scripts, written for sophisticated society, still applicable today.
Actresses and Actors. Women onstage in Elizabeth Barry Anne Bracegirdle ca.
Restoration companies larger than during the English Renaissance. Contract system evolved. Theatrical entrepreneurs emerged. Specific performances developed for payments. Rehearsals lasted two weeks. Government and the Theaters. The Drury Lane Theater.
Christopher Wren designed new building Killigrew mismanaged and theater closed Groove system used to move flats and change scenery. Costumes - contemporary clothing. Lighting - afternoon performances, with windows. Changes in textiles and manufacturing throughout Europe resulted in expansion of trade.
Wars based on territory and economy rather than religion.
Manual Commedia dell’ arte and Molière (Shakespeare, Shamans, and Show Biz Book 2)
Seven Years' War, worldwide series of conflicts fought from to for the control of Germany and for supremacy in colonial North America and India. The Indian phase established British domination in India. Age of Enlightenment:. The phrase was frequently employed by writers of the period itself, convinced that they were emerging from centuries of darkness and ignorance into a new age enlightened by reason, science, and a respect for humanity. Voltaire argued for religious tolerance. Wars based on social upheavals. American Revolution French Revolution Baroque style of art.
Rococo style of art. Middle-Class Tragedy. George Lillo wrote The London Merchant Denis Diderot Ballad opera parodied Italian opera. Comic opera. Sentimental comedy - similar to English Restoration comedy but geared to middle-class morality. Oliver Goldsmith ca. Pierre Carlet de Chamblain de Marivaux focused on inner emotions, psychology. Heinrich von Kleist Carlo Goldoni Carlo Gozzi By s plays presenting spectacular effects, violent action and moral lessons were very popular.
All rights reserved. Italian influence in 18 th century. The Biena Family from Charles Macklin Founders of modern stage direction. Aeschylus drama , Sophocles plot and Euripides modernism. New Comedy Menander B. Republic established in Rome B. C property laws engineering, architecture religion. Phormio B.
Actors and Acting Companies Local government officials hired acting troupes at least six male members in troupes worked in full linen head masks majority were probably slaves Theater Buildings and Scenic Elements Pompey the Great built the first permanent stone theater in 55 B. Changes in textiles and manufacturing throughout Europe resulted in expansion of trade 1. Age of Enlightenment: a term used to describe the trends in thought and letters in Europe and the American colonies during the 18th century prior to the French Revolution.
Voltaire argued for religious tolerance 4. Wars based on social upheavals 1. American Revolution 2. French Revolution E. Baroque style of art 1. Rococo style of art 1. Middle-Class Tragedy 1.
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George Lillo wrote The London Merchant 3. Sentimental comedy - similar to English Restoration comedy but geared to middle-class morality 2. Greek, Roman, Medieval, Asian 2, years Connected to religious and civic celebrations Significant social event. Popular Entertainment A.